This report is the primary source of information about ASM. It provides a simple yet comprehensive overview of our financial and non-financial milestones as well as achievements 2019.
From this report, our stakeholders will learn about how we engaged the government and policy makers, our initiative, STEM awareness programmes, list of publications, strategic partners as well as our future goals. This report aims to demonstrate our credibility and strengthen the trust of our stakeholders.
The 2019 Annual Report will be divided according to functions.
The colour yellow was selected for its optimism, enlightenment and creativity, aligning well with ASM’s goal of bringing Malaysian STI to greater heights.
The selection of an informal and playful typeface reflects the dynamic and youthful energy that ASM possesses.
©Academy of Sciences Malaysia
Written and designed by the Academy of Sciences Malaysia
WHO WE ARE
ASM strives to be the nation’s Thought Leader for matters related to science, engineering, technology and innovation.
ASM is committed to pursuing excellence in the fields of Science, Engineering and Technology (SET) for the benefit of all.
WHAT WE DO
ASM supports good science by endorsing activities of highest fulfilment to promote engagement, understanding and literacy in science, technology and innovation.
Taking science outside its box is often a delightful journey that leads us to interesting new directions filled with various types of engagements with people. At the end of the day, it is ASM’s commitment to enhance the scientific capacity of the country.Read More
FLAGSHIP STI STRATEGIC STUDIES & POLICY ADVISORY
Advisory Reports & Position Papers | Roadmap & Blueprint Development | Futures Thinking & Foresighting | National / Sectoral Policy | Review & Formulation | STI Due Diligence & Decision Intelligence | Rapid response on matters of national & international importance
INITIATIVES & PARTNERSHIPS
Expert-driven Studies | Science communication, enculturation & engagements | STI capacity building | Awards, grants and recognitions | STI strategic linkages
National member in SCA, AASSA, IAP, APEC, ASEAN, TWAS | Young scientist programmes – CERN, Lindau, etc | Bidding international grants – ASEAN, APEC, etc
Publications | ASM Science Journal | Corporate Communication | Public Relations | Media Engagements | Curation & Visualisation of Data
iConnect – Malaysian Collaborative Network for Innovation | Malaysia Open Science Platform (MOSP)
ON THE EVE OF OUR SILVER JUBILEE
What a year it has been! I am very excited to continue my second term as the President of the Academy of Sciences Malaysia (ASM) – known for its leading role in science and technology sector, championing emerging technologies and sustainable future.
Throughout the Academy’s history, while every year brings new challenges, we consistently work hard to achieve our goals. 2019 followed that precedent. Our programmes are expanding, more organisations are reaching out to us for consultative studies, our global presence is becoming more significant, and our expert network is expanding.
The work of ASM extends far beyond the cutting-edge areas of science. This year, we continued to provide our reliable and timely advice to the Government. We have participated in close to 430 meetings and workshops to understand our changing world and its trends, for a sustainable future. In our efforts to identify new ways to respond to the needs of the nation, ASM strives to enhance the national innovation ecosystem for wealth creation and societal well-being.
Aside from carrying out the mandate as the Government advisor in matters related to science and technology, the Academy has also been championing STEM-based programmes to promote greater interest among the youth. We also ensure that educators are better equipped to teach STEM subjects. Why the emphasis on STEM? Because the future demands it. In the global race for innovation, healthy economy, and sustainability, STEM is no longer just subjects in classroom. They are now more important than ever as we evolve into a more technology and innovation dependent world.
In 2019, we have elected 27 of Malaysia’s leading scientists, engineers and technologists as new Fellows and welcomed nine Top Research Scientists Malaysia. Heartfelt congratulations to all, in particular to Academician Emeritus Professor Dato’ Dr Khalid Yusoff FASc, for the appointment as ASM Senior Fellow. Our fellows actively contributed to the Academy’s studies and policy matters, public outreach programmes, awards and funding, international activities and activities related to STEM.
At the same time, we continue to work closely with our international strategic partners to increase the flow of people and ideas among research environment. As science and technology progress, international collaboration is more important now than ever. Our active involvement and significant impact have enabled us to position ourselves on the same level as other scientific institutions.
IT BEGINS WITH MAKING CONNECTIONS
Collaboration is a powerful tool. It is the connections we form with others, and the different ways we collaborate that will help us grow to a new level. I personally believe there has never been a better time to collaborate. As the saying goes,
Finally, I would like to thank all those who have supported ASM through the many collaborations formed and engagements had, as well as the donations received, and input given. We certainly could not have achieved all of these without the supporters who wish to see science and technology as a vital component in shaping Malaysia’s future.
- PROFESSOR DATUK DR ASMA ISMAIL FASc
- YM ACADEMICIAN TENGKU DATUK DR MOHD AZZMAN SHARIFFADEEN FASc
- DATUK PROFESSOR DR AWG BULGIBA AWG MAHMUD FASc
Secretary General (2019-2021)
- DATUK DR ABDUL RAZAK MOHD ALI FASc
Honorary Treasurer (2019-2021)
ORDINARY COUNCIL MEMBERS (2018-2020)
- IR DR AHMAD FAIZAL MOHD ZAIN FASc
- PROFESSOR DR AHMAD ISMAIL FASc
- ACADEMICIAN TAN SRI DATO’ IR TS AHMAD ZAIDEE LAIDIN FASc
- PROFESSOR DATIN PADUKA SETIA DATO’ DR AINI IDERIS FASc
- PROFESSOR DATO’ DR AISHAH BIDIN FASc
- IR TS CHOO KOK BENG FASc
- DR HELEN NAIR FASc
- ACADEMICIAN EMERITUS PROFESSOR DATO’ DR KHALID YUSOFF FASc
- PROFESSOR DATIN PADUKA DR KHATIJAH MOHD YUSOFF FASc
- EMERITUS PROFESSOR DR PHANG SIEW MOI FASc
- PROFESSOR DR SHAMALA DEVI K.C. SEKARAN FASc
- PROFESSOR DATO’ DR MOHD ALI HASSAN FASc
STRATEGIC INPUT FOR ROBUST STI ECOSYSTEMS
As we pursue our aspirations, we are ever-mindful of our purpose to address the needs of the nation by harnessing science, technology and innovation (STI) for socio-economic impact. This is intrinsic to our commitment to provide strategic input to policymakers, the scientific community, industry captains and community leaders to lay the foundation for reimagining our future and contribute to society in meaningful ways.Read More
Being analytically rigorous, unbiased in the assessment of the evidence and responsive to changes is part of our work culture. Spanning a wide range of topics under the banner of STI Ecosystem & Governance, Emerging Technologies & Futures Thinking, Sustainability Science and Socio-economics, we analyse the data and synthesise the findings to give rise to insights and recommendations that are credible and responsible.
Our priority has always been to provide credible, timely and relevant input on STI related issues of national interest and international importance. Our input is based on multisectoral feedback, futuristic outlook and approaches that transcend conventional discipline boundaries. We package and communicate our input to policymakers, legislators, industry leaders and people at large. Let the quality and quantity speak for themselves.
Here at ASM, we are a team. Every individual, from the subject matter expert to the analyst, plays an important role interdependently. We tap on more than 700 brilliant minds of the nation for their expertise on emerging challenges. We connect what we learn globally to adapt and adopt to our local needs. Collaboration, engagement and diversity of thought lie at the core of how we work.
PUBLICATIONS TO DATE ON STI-RELATED ISSUES
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RARE EARTH ELEMENTS: A NEW ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY?
Malaysia is in an advantageous position to participate in the global rare earth industry value chain as it has all the building blocks for a robust ecosystem. As the country’s high technology industry continues to develop and expand, a secure supply of Rare Earth (RE) raw material is critical. As such, the development of the upstream and downstream of rare earth industries will be an advantage to Malaysia.
ASM’s Precision Medicine Initiative for Malaysia was initiated in September 2017. This Task Force is chaired by Professor Datuk Dr A Rahman A Jamal FASc and has nine active members. This initiative aims to study the feasibility of mainstreaming precision medicine to complement the current clinical practice.
STRATEGIES TO ENHANCE WATER DEMAND MANAGEMENT IN SARAWAK
When the ASM Task Force on Water Demand Management conducted a workshop in Sarawak for the Study on Water Demand Management for Malaysia back in 2014, the Sarawak State Government requested for an exclusive report from ASM. Due to declining unregulated flow and decreasing water quality, there is an urgent need for the shift from the currently practised supply-driven management approach to a more sustainable demand management approach.
We have embarked on establishing Special Interest Groups (SIGs) to explore emerging, cross-cutting areas of importance to Malaysia in terms of realising economic growth, societal advancement, competitiveness, future focus and sustainability. SIGs are expert-driven and proactive in bridging the gap between the generators and users of knowledge to forge collaborative and transformative action so Malaysia can be ahead of the curve.
Green growth is gaining traction in the quest for a more sustainable society. Similar to countries across the globe, Malaysia is committed to a low-carbon energy future. This prompted ASM to establish a Special Interest Group on Hydrogen Economy, helmed by Professor Dato’ Ir Dr Wan Ramli Wan Daud FASc. This SIG has developed a holistic, evidence-based position paper outlining the opportunities and challenges for Malaysia to venture into hydrogen economy.
Chaired by YM Academician Tengku Datuk Dr Mohd Azzman Shariffadeen FASc, the ASM Special Interest Group on Machine Learning (SIGML) was tasked to formulate a position paper on the important role that AI will play in Malaysia’s development and proposed key recommendations, based on Malaysia’s economic strengths and data gaps, that will take the nation on a fast trajectory of adoption and deployment.
STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIP FOR KEY NATIONAL STUDIES
This journey started with ASM being mandated to review the National Policy on Science, Technology and Innovation (NPSTI) 2013-2020 and formulate the new NPSTI 2021-2030 by MOSTI (then known as Ministry of Energy, Science, Technology, Environment and Climate Change). This was in line with the Government’s aspiration to ensure Malaysia becomes a developed country through the mainstreaming of STI. Alongside this, ASM was also tasked to develop the Malaysia Science, Technology & Innovation Master Plan (STIMP) 2020-2030. This was deemed necessary for national-level coordination and effective implementation of all policies related to STI towards leveraging STI opportunities for socio-economic impact.
Transboundary pollution is pollution that originates from one country but crosses the border, causing damage to the environment of another country. It has detrimental impact on the health and economy of the ASEAN countries over the past decades. Particularly, the persistent haze episodes imply that the diplomatic effort is reaching stagnancy. This urged the Malaysian Government to consider a legal approach to push for the progress of mitigating the transboundary pollution. Extraterritorial application of an act is inevitable and is nothing short of challenging.
To assess the Malaysia Education Blueprint 2015-2025 (Higher Education)’s effectiveness and the implementation of its programmes, the Ministry of Education (MOE) (following the merging of the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Higher Education in 2018) mandated ASM to analyse and evaluate the current achievement and significant impacts of the strategies and initiatives under the MEB(HE).
Malaysia had entrusted five of its most established universities namely Universiti Malaya (UM), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM), Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM) and Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM) to spearhead R&D activities for the nation. Called the Malaysian Research Universities (MRUs), these universities are important catalysts for transforming Malaysia into a regional and global centre of educational and research excellence and a testbed for leading global industries to undertake innovative R&D activities. ASM was commissioned by the MOE to carry out an impact assessment of the implementation of these MRUs.
ASM as a strategic partner to the Ministry of Entrepreneur Development and Cooperatives, MEDAC (previously Ministry of Entrepreneur Development) have developed the National Entrepreneurship Policy (NEP) 2030. Through this policy, MEDAC hopes to chart the direction towards creating a holistic, conducive and inclusive entrepreneurship ecosystem to support the socio-economic agenda of the country. The long-term plan outlines five objectives, five targets, 19 strategies and 62 initiatives that will be implemented to develop an entrepreneurial ecosystem across all industry areas and encompass every level of entrepreneurs and communities.
The incidents of Sungai Kim Kim and Pasir Gudang triggered a nationwide awareness on the poor state of our chemical governance and uncontrolled industrial growth that had posed danger to the community. Malaysians witnessed our first major case of chemical pollution that led to the closure of all schools in Pasir Gudang.
30 YEARS OF STI DEVELOPMENT:
MEASURING ECONOMIC, SOCIETAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT
Science Outlook 2020 is a Special Edition as this edition would examine the current and past status of the STI landscape in Malaysia over the last 30 years, since the inception of Vision 2020. It aims to evaluate the progress and development of STI in Malaysia through the perspective of economic, societal and environmental impacts.
CULTURE OF EXCELLENCE IN THE SCIENCES
You’ve probably heard a lot about STEM education in and out of your kid’s school. That is good – it means more people are acknowledging the necessity of mastering STEM skills, thus creating more opportunities for us to show you why STEM is important (and can be fun too)!
But who can you partner with to organise STEM-based awareness programmes?Read More
STEM are subjects at the very heart of ASM. We know first-hand the importance of educating our young people in these areas. Our country needs a constant supply of highly trained, highly capable talent. Through our STEM-related programmes, we aim to equip future generations with the skills to lead the future we desire one day.
Our country is facing a shortage of suitably qualified STEM graduates. ASM aims to inspire young people to pursue careers in STEM and ASM has responded by creating a national science programme called National Science Challenge (NSC), which exposes the youths to the complex and creative thinking. We aim to encourage more than one hundred thousand young people to join the programme by 2020.
Whether through empowering STEM educators, introducing initiatives or partnering with leading education organisations, ASM is committed to inspiring and preparing youth to pursue STEM careers.
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DEVELOPING LOCAL TALENTS IN FORESTRY AND BIODIVERSITY AREAS
The exceptional richness of biodiversity in Borneo forests offers tremendous opportunities R&D towards conserving, protecting and managing the priceless heritage. This living lab can provide an avenue for Malaysia to train, nurture and develop local talents among young scientists as well as harnessing local experts in the field of forestry and biodiversity towards strengthening country’s capacity and capability in this fields.
MALAYSIA CODE OF RESPONSIBLE CONDUCT IN RESEARCH (MCRCR)
The Malaysian Code of Responsible Conduct in Research (MCRCR) is an initiative to complement and value-add all the efforts of consolidating research and science in Malaysia over the years. The MCRCR is a statement that Malaysian researchers and research entities are committed to integrity and accountability in their pursuit of science.
NATIONAL SCIENCE CONSORTIUM
NATIONAL CENTRE FOR PARTICLE PHYSICS (NCPP)
As a centre that facilitates scientific collaboration in particle physics, NCPP is instrumental as a focal point for the development of new knowledge in theoretical high energy and particle physics as well as collaboration with international experiments and research centres.
MALAYSIA INSTITUTE FOR INNOVATIVE NANOTECHNOLOGY (NanoMITe)
A global research consortium consisting around 100 top-level nano-scientists from the world-class academic institutions and centers, Malaysia Institute for Innovative Nanotechnology(NanoMITe) provides tremendous resources for carrying out high-impact research in different domains of nanotechnology. The concerted efforts of scientific community across the globe in this consortium helps train the young generation to translate technological solutions into entrepreneurial platforms.
Extending its reach in the southern region, ASM via the Southern Chapter organised the ASM Merdeka Meeting in collaboration with the Merdeka Award Secretariat.
Industry and government collaboration in championing STEM reached another level with the second edition of CCM STEM Up Challenge. Consistent with the objective in amplifying STEM talent in the country, CCM and ASM embarked on a new exciting format of this competition spearheaded by YSN-ASM.
The winners of the NSC 2018 shared their experience and knowledge that they gained during their study visit to Silicon Valley. The programme aimed to increase their interest and subsequently pursue a career in STEM.
ASM and CAST came together for the third time to participate in the Belt and Road Teenager Maker Camp and Teacher Workshop. Malaysia was represented by the three winners of 2018 Young Makers from MRSM Transkrian, accompanied by two supervisors.
AWARDS & GRANTS
MAKNA CANCER RESEARCH AWARD
DR RANJEET BHAGWAN SINGH MEDICAL RESEARCH GRANT
UPGRADING TECH CAPABILITIES OF INDUSTRIES
Since Malaysia’s shift from being an agricultural economy to an industrial economy, the need to elevate the nation’s technological capabilities becomes more crucial in ensuring Malaysia is able to remain competitive and relevant.
One of ASM’s objectives is to assist the nation in upgrading the technological capabilities of Malaysia’s industrial sector.Read More
ASM’s expert network enables it to tap into scientific knowledge and remain close to industries to identify key areas of the industry that needs to be improved as well as new areas to be explored. These upgrading works ensure that the Malaysian industrial sector remains relevant, empowered and updated with the latest technological advances.
COLLABORATION IN INNOVATION: I-CONNECT
MESTECC and ASM embarked on a flagship initiative, Malaysian Collaborative Network Platform for Disruptive Innovation, known as i-Connect. i-Connect is an industry-led collaborative innovation network that involves the quadruple helix. It aims to nurture and establish a conducive innovation ecosystem in Malaysia towards increasing disruptive innovation through collaborative networks in order to enable Malaysian industries to leverage on the new economic opportunities in entering global emerging markets.
MALAYSIA’S GREAT WEALTH OF RESEARCH DATA
To ensure an efficient and sustained collaboration between the quadruple helix, MOSP was introduced. MOSP aims to make Malaysia’s research data a valuable, shared national asset through the development of a trusted platform. MOSP also enables accessibility and sharing of research data that are aligned to national priorities and international best practices. MOSP will be led by the MOSP Alliance that will formulate the National Policy and Guidelines Management to create awareness as well as develop capacity and infrastructure for MOSP.
GIST INVESTORS MOBILISATION TRAINING PROGRAMME IN MALAYSIA
In collaboration with the Global Innovation through Science and Technology (GIST) and SIZZLESCIENCE, ASM jointly organised GIST Investors Mobilization Training Program in Malaysia together with several commercialisation players. This training aims to nurture and empower the potential local investors in science towards enhancing the commercialising of local STI-based technologies. This training has successfully exposed and educated the Malaysian Angels on the potential and advantages of investing in STI based start-up companies in Malaysia and global level.
SME CLINIC ON INDUSTRY 4.0: ANGEL INVESTORS INITIATIVE FOR HEALTHCARE SECTOR
ASM partnered with SEGi University and SIZZLESCIENCE to organise an SME Clinic on Industry 4.0 titled “Angel Investors Initiative for Healthcare Sector”. The Clinic aims to empower investors and their networks with best practices of investing in early-stage science and technologybased startups. The programme also trains young researchers, scientists and healthcare practitioners on techniques to pitch their products or ideas to the potential investors.
PUBLIC AWARENESS & IMMERSION IN SCIENCE
Science is well respected by the society, but people often feel disconnected from it. Society must understand that science is not important only to scientists or researchers, or to any academy of sciences alone. It does not matter whether one finds science fascinating or the opposite – a base level of understanding is crucial for modern citizens, especially since we are now in the world where science and technology have taken over.Read More
At ASM, we see how science can influence various fields, from mathematics to medicine. We explore science in both the natural and social world. Even with this broad scope, science is often seen as too complex and difficult for anyone, but the experts. Science is too valuable to be left to the professional scientists alone. For the good of society and for the future that we want, the public needs to understand science. In other words, science needs a broader community.
In an effort to increase public understanding and awareness in science, ASM organises various science-based programmes every year.
SIMPLIFY BEAUTIFY AMPLIFY
Science communication is essentially an attempt to make science accessible to everyone. It makes hard scientific facts easy to understand and a joy to learn. Various media is used to cater to different methods of learning and different segments of society, so that maximum comprehension can be achieved. With the help of the social media, we are also ensuring that this valuable knowledge reaches as much audience as possible.
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ENHANCING INTERNATIONAL NETWORKING AND COLLABORATIONS
ASM strives to be the Thought Leader in matters related to science, technology and innovation. To carry out this role to its best capabilities, ASM requires a strong connection to other organisations around the world. This enables ASM to initiate an exchange of knowledge and ideas.Read More
Through its international network, ASM also facilitates its own scientific community to pursue excellence in science and technology. Plus, the relationship that ASM fosters in the global arena allows it to create impactful collaborations with various organisations to elevate Malaysian science to greater heights
Experienced, brilliant, dedicated – our expert network comprises members who are ready to lead and collaborate to produce impactful results. The Academy now has more than 700 experts and the number keeps growing year by year.
ASM’s expert network is always ready to contribute their valuable knowledge and wisdom to ensure ASM’s programmes and studies pushes the envelope of Malaysia’s STI advancement to greater heights.
For a think tank like us, transparency is essential for proper valuation. The financial statements of ASM provide information on the health of our financial results and performance as well as cash flows.