On 14 August 2020, the Young Scientists Network-Academy of Sciences Malaysia (YSN-ASM) organised a Science Café Session on Rekabentuk Pembelajaran Dalam Talian (“Designing Online Learning”). The session was moderated by Dr Jaysuman featuring Dr Noor Dayana Abd Halim, YSN-ASM Affiliate and Senior Lecturer at the Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM).
Types of Online Learning
The Movement Restriction Order by the Malaysian Government in response to the COVID-19 outbreak has necessitated the implementation of online learning to ensure education can still be carried out for the benefit of students. According to Dr Dayana, there are two types of online learning:
- Asynchronous (pre-prepared sessions that are not streamed live) such as discussion boards, quizzes, polls, digital documents, recorded audio/video, slides with narration, or self-paced courses.
- Synchronous (live-streamed sessions) such as virtual classrooms, live presentations, live text chat, instant messaging, live audio/video, live quizzes, and live polls.
Different types of online learning sessions require different ways for it to be carried out to ensure that the session is received by its audience in an effective manner.
Why Do We Need to Design an Online Learning Session?
Seeing that the current crop of online learners is made up of mostly Millennials and Gen Zs, Dr Dayana sees the importance of designing online learning sessions that leverages on the strengths of these generations. Dr Dayana presented five top tips to design an effective online learning session: