Formatting

  1. Authors’ names 
    • Use only the initials of the authors’ given names. 
    • Use full stops and no spaces between initials. 
  2. Titles of works
    • Use minimal capitalisation for the titles of books, book chapters and journal articles.
    • In the titles of journals, magazines and newspapers, capital letters should be used as they appear normally.
    • Use italics for the titles of books, journals and newspapers. 
    • Enclose titles of book chapters and journal articles in single quotation marks. 
  3. Page numbering 
    • Books: page numbers are not usually needed in the reference list. If they are, include them as the final item of the citation, separated from the preceding one by a comma and followed by a full stop. 
    • Journal articles: page numbers appear as the final item in the citation, separated from the preceding one by a comma and followed by a full stop.
    • Use the abbreviations p. for a single page, and pp. for a page range, e.g. pp. 11–12. 
  4. Whole citation 
    • The different details, or elements, of each citation are separated by commas. 
    • The whole citation finishes with a full stop.
  5. Unit of Measurement
    • Use only Le Systeme internationale d’Unites (SI).
  6. Abbreviations and Symbols
    • Use only accepted international abbreviations. Abbreviations in the title and abstract must be avoided. The full term of an abbreviation should be spelt out at its first use in the text unless it is a standard unit of measurement.