Science Outlook is a flagship study of ASM that aims to present insights supported by relevant data on Malaysia’s STI landscape. Malaysia’s aspiration to be an advanced nation requires all sectors to have the capacity for developing knowledge capital to fuel Malaysia’s drive to be an advanced economy. STI has underpinned the pillars of our economic growth for the last six decades since independence and should be seen as a catalyst to spur the new economy.However, although Malaysia’s growth has been steady, the STI development has not shown much satisfactory trajectory in comparison to developed nations. In tracking Malaysia’s progress in STI, the evidence based Science Outlook report which is published biennially also serves as a monitoring and evaluation exercise.



  • To examine the current and past status of the Science Technology and Innovation (STI) landscape in Malaysia, including the key trends and challenges as well as to address the gaps through evaluation and analysis with over the past 29 years (1991-2020)
  • To facilitate the harnessing of STI for societal well-beingnational development and global competitiveness
  • To evaluate the progress and development of STI in Malaysia since the inception of Vision 2020. This is done through measuring through select STI-related indicators and evaluating the impact of national-level programmes, frameworks and initiatives.


Executive Summary – Science Outlook Report 2020

SO2020 examines the impact of STI on the economic, societal, and environmental outcomes for Malaysia since the inception of Vision 2020. The approach of this report is beyond auditing the current progress towards evaluating the steps and possible development trajectory to ensure that Malaysia is able to reach its goals and aspirations as defined in the Shared Prosperity Vision 2030 (SPV2030).

Science Outlook Report 2020

Science Outlook 2020 – Unlocking the Future (SO2020) explores STI progress in Malaysia since the declaration of Vision 2020. This report probes selected STI-related indicators and the impact of national-level programmes, frameworks, and initiatives from the year 1991 to 2020. This data is used to identify the strengths and shortfalls of the present STI ecosystem (see Chapter 6) and how the ecosystem can be stimulated to boost Malaysia’s sustainable growth into a high-income nation.


Carrying the theme “Converging towards Progressive Malaysia 2050”, Science Outlook 2017 is a continuation of the 2015 report that presents an objective independent review of the outcomes of these policies in building Malaysia’s STI capabilities and capacity against international benchmarks. The independent review is equipped with evidence-based analysis, insights and recommendations pertaining to the national STI landscape based on six strategic thrusts of the current National Policy on Science, Technology and Innovation (NPSTI), 2013-2020.


Executive Summary – Science Outlook Report 2017

Science Outlook Report 2017


Malaysia’s first Science Outlook has been anchored by ASM, under the auspices of MOSTI. The objective is to conduct a study or review of Malaysian STI landscape and to test our preparedness to achieve STI targets as the country aspires to emerge as a developed economy.

Six working groups, dedicated to six areas of STI, were formed, with a mix of representations from the industry, government, academia and professional circles. The working groups deliberated many discussions to identify and define the scope of their respective chapters, making it relevant and supported by evidence-based research or information.


Science Outlook Report 2015

Science Outlook 2015 Executive Summary